Melissa Landry:

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder ( PMDD)





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PMDD: or Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a condition that affects between 3-8% of women 5-11 days before menstruation.
women with this disorder often are confused by their mood swings, they don't know why they're upset or angry and severe cases they feel crazy, out of control. And they tend to take it out on everybody else causing relationships to become strained.

Symptoms:
  • disinterest in daily activities & relationships
  • fatigue/ low energy
  • feelings of sadness, hoplessness, possible suicidal thoughts tension, and anxiety.
  • feeling out of control (crazy)
  • food cravings/ binge eating
  • mood swings marked by periods of teariness
  • panic attacks
  • persistant irritablity or anger that affects other people
  • physical symptoms such as; bloating, breast tenderness, headaches, joint& muscle pain.
  • problems sleeping
  • trouble concentrating.


Treatments:
  • birth control to help regulate the period and decrease PMS and depression symptoms
  • Nutritional supplements; vitamin B6 calcium, & magnesium may be recommended
  • excersize can relieve tension and may decrease depression through the release of endorphins
  • healthy changes in diet
  • Depro-Lupron may be suggested to suppress the ovaries and ovulation in extreme cases.
  • menstrual pain relievers in minor cases such as; pamprin, midol, ibuprofen.

Prognosis:
Most women after being diagnosed properly start to feel normal again or at the least are at a more comfortable level with their disorder, and are able to control their lives and emotions better.

Complications:
PMDD symptoms can be so severe that women cannot progress with their daily lives, they can't interact with people, and it can lead to suicide or self harm.


History/ Background:
Through out time premenstrual symptoms have been noted in different articles. The symptoms then were very similar to whats happening now. The earliest writings were by Hippocrates, the Greek philosopher, around 450 B.C.
Writings from the Renaissance, around the 15th century, showed that premenstrual distress was a common occurrence. A survey done in the 1800s showed that 20% of the participants suffered serious psychological problems premenstrually. In the 1900s, more scientific research began so that they could better comprehend the cause of PMS. Katharina Dalton Labeled the symptoms as "premenstrual syndrome" in the 1970s. Her research and papers contributed to more studies being done and PMS becoming known to more and more doctors and scientists. In the 1980s, the American Psychiatric Association thought that severe PMS was a mental disorder. After more study, the APA decided it was a mood disorder and named it premenstrual dysphoric disorder in 1994.
Starting in 2000, television commercials for a new treatment drug (Sarafem) started to appear. This really contributed to PMDD becoming a more known disorder, although there's still so much more to do. Today, research is still ongoing to understand the real causes and more treatment options.

Websites used:

http://www.institute-shot.com/premenstrual_dysphoric_disorder.htm

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0004461/