SCHIZOPHRENIA

BY: Sasha Gregoire


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Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder where people interperate reality abnormally. This particular disorder requires lifelong treatment because its a chronic condition. People with schizophrenia start loosing the ability to take care of themselves and function normally over a period of time.

SYMPTOMS:

Some schizophrenia can be attributed to other mental illnesses, just one symptom cant lead to a schizophrenia diagnosis.

In men the symptoms of schizophrenia typically start around the teens or 20's.

In women the symptoms of schizophrenia typically start around the 20's or 30's.

Its very rare to find children and people over 40 to be diagnosed with this disorder.

signs and symptoms of schizophrenia are divided into three groups: Positive, Negative, and Cognitive

Positive Symptoms:

In schizophrenia positive symptoms reflect a distortion of normal functions

Delusions: These beliefs are not based on reality and usually involve misinterpretation of perception or experience. They are the most common of schizophrenic symptoms.


Hallucinations: this symptom makes you think that you see or hear something that is non-existent, even though hallucinations can be any of the senses, the most common is hearing something that is real among people with schizophrenia.

Thought Disorder: this symptom makes you have difficulty speaking and organizing your thoughts may result in stopping a sentence midway to put meaningless words together, sometimes known as word salad.

Disorganized Behavior: This may show in a number of ways, ranging from childlike silliness to unpredictable agitation.

Negative Symptoms:

Negative symptoms refer to adiminishment or absence of characteristics or normal functions. They may appear months or years before positive symptoms starts showing up.

Loss of interest in everyday activities

Appearing to lack emotion

Reduced ability to plan or carry out activities

Neglect of personal hygiene

Social withdrawl

Loss of modivation

Cognative symptoms:

cognitive symptoms involve problems with thought processes. These symptoms maybe the most disabling in schizophrenia, because they interfere with ablity to perform routine daily tasks. The people with cognitive symptoms may be born with these symptoms, but may worsen when the disorder starts.

Problems with making sense of information

Difficulty paying attention

Memory problems


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Treatments:


Schizophrenia is a chronic condition that requires lifelong treatment even when symptoms have subsided. Treatments with medications and psychological therapy can help manage the condition. During crisis periods or times of severe symptoms, hospitalization is necessary to make sure the schizophrenia patient is properly secure with his or her safety, eating properly, and getting a decent night sleep and basic hygiene.

Psychosocial Treatment


Although medications are the most used treatment for schizophrenia patients but once psychosis recedes psychosocial treatments are also very important to have.


Social skills training: This focuses on improving communication and social interactions.


Family Therapy: This provides support and education for what they want to know about the disorder to the families dealiong with schizophrenia.

Vacational Rehabilitation and Supported Employment: This focuses on helping people with schizophrenia find and keep sterdy jobs.

Individual Therapy: Learning to cope with stress and identify early warning signs of relapse and can help with schizophrenia manage their illness.

Medications:

Medications are the cornerstone of schizophrenia, but since the medications for this disorder can cause serious and rare side effects. Sometimes the people taking the medication may be reluctant to take them.

Antipsychotic medications are the most used or percribed to treat people with schizophrenia. They're thought to control symptoms by effecting the brain neurotransmitters dopamine and seronin. A persons willingness to cooperate with treatment may affect medication choice. Someone who is uncooperate may need to be given injections instead of taking the normal pills.

How the Disorder Affects their Daily life/ living activities:

Left untreated schizophrenia can result in severe emotional, behavioral, and health problems, as well as financial and legal problems that effect every area of life.

Suicide

Self-destructive behavior

Depression

Abuse of alcohal, drugs and percription medication

Poverty

Homelessness

Family Conflicts

Inability to work or attend school

Health problems from the medication they are taking

Being a victim or peretrator of violent crime

Heart disease, often resulted in heavy smoking

Web Linker:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001925/

http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/schizophrenia/overview.html