Sleep Disorders
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A Few Examples

  • Insomnia
    • Description/Symptoms:
      • inability to fall asleep
      • inability to stay asleep
      • sleepiness during the day
      • waking up at an abnormal time
    • Treatment:
      • stick to regular bedtime schedule
      • avoid all stressful activities two hours prior to sleep
      • relaxation techniques
      • keep room dark, quite, and cool while sleeping
      • avoid caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol before bed
    • Connector:
      • tired during the day
      • feel fatigued when trying to do everyday activities
      • may feel depressed or anxious
    • Statistics:
      • 20-40% of all adults have insomnia in the course of any year
      • 1 out of 3 people have insomnia in the course of their lives
      • over 70 million Americans suffer from disorders of sleep and wakefulness
    • Web Linker:

  • Sleep Paralysis
    • Description/Symptoms:
      • conscious but unable to move when waking or falling asleep
      • pressure or sense of choking
      • feeling of unmoving or paralyzed limbs
      • can be associated with hypnagogic hallucinations
    • Treatment:
      • improving sleep habits- such as making sure you get six to eight hours of sleep each night
      • using antidepressant medication to help regulate sleep cycles
      • treating any mental health problems that may contribute to sleep paralysis
      • treating any other sleep disorders, such as narcolepsy or leg cramps
    • Connector:
      • can result in daytime sleepiness or fear of falling asleep at night
    • Statistics:
      • 4 out of every 10 may experience sleep paralysis
    • Web Linker:
    • Help Line:
      • two types:
        • hypnagogic or predormital- sleep paralysis while falling asleep
        • hypnopompic or postdormital- sleep paralysis while waking up
      • hypnagogic hallucinations- hallucinations that occur while a person is asleep that seem entirely real based on what a person sees, hears, or feels
      • narcolepsy- a sleep disorder that causes excessive sleepiness and frequent daytime sleep attacks

  • Sleep Apnea
    • Description/Symptoms:
      • excessive daytime sleepiness
      • morning headaches
      • snorting, gasping, or snoring during sleeping
      • restless sleep throughout the night
    • Treatment:
      • weight loss
      • avoid alcohol and sleeping pills
      • CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure)
      • dental brace that holds jaw forward during sleep
    • Connector:
      • poor performance in everyday activities
      • if left untreated:
        • high blood pressure
        • stroke
        • heart failure, irregular heart beats, and heart attacks
        • diabetes
        • worsening of ADHD
        • depression
    • Statistics:
      • over 18 million Americans suffer from sleep apnea
      • an estimated 10 million Americans remain undiagnosed
      • over 50% of all apnea cases are diagnosed in ages 40 and over
      • more prevalent in men than women
      • 4 to 9% of middle-aged men suffer from apnea
      • 2 to 4% of middle-aged women suffer from apnea
    • Web Linker:
    • Help Line:
      • CPAP- a mask that while sleeping can increase the pressure inside your throat
      • ADHD- a problem with inattentiveness, over-activity, impulsivity, or a combination of the three

Reference source for unknown words: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov










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Made by Alyssa Davis